If before the land outside the city was considered in the context of gardening purposes only, now everything has changed. Vast territories began to be acquired with the expectation of proper rest, and not just for harvesting. An important role in ensuring comfort began to play and the external aspect of the arrangement fell into the hands of the earth. Representing the design of the site of a country house of 10 acres, modern owners lay grand plans for its planning. Since this area is quite enough for the implementation of the most ambitious projects.
On the territory of a size of a thousand square meters can be placed, in fact anything. It can be flower beds, exotic fountains, barbecue gazebos, fruit trees, and even alpine rockeries! Each in their own way sees the perfect place to pacify. But no matter what elements the owner planned to saturate the surrounding landscape, all the landscaping work will be carried out according to the same scenario. On the key points of the latter and talk in more detail below.
Features of planning
When planning the landscape design of the dacha of 10 acres, the owners need to take into account several important aspects. Since it is from them will depend on a further breakdown of the site into sectors:
- The form of land. Not always the territory is characterized by regular geometric shapes. This can be not only a rectangular plot, but also an L-shaped section. And to someone, lands with rounded outlines of borders come across. Who as lucky.
- Features of the relief. In addition to the unusual shape of the plot, the land itself may be uneven. It may contain hills, ravines and natural reservoirs. And this affects the location of the house, engineering communications, the future garden.
- Type of soil. The fertile land allows you to dream of whole rows of fruit trees. Sometimes for this it is necessary to import good black soil, since the soil in the acquired area turns out to be poor (sandy or too clay).
- The height of groundwater deposits. The presence on the site of natural sources of life-giving moisture is a definite plus for the owner.
- Climatic features. Depending on the geographical location of the site, it is necessary to select suitable plants for planting. Tropical trees can hardly survive in the northern climate.
These factors must be taken into account when planning the arrangement of land. Otherwise, there may be confusion, as in the example with tropical seedlings.
Opportunities suburban area of 10 acres
The owners have the right to decide on their own what should be located on one or another piece of land. However, there are situations when desires go against the possibilities available. In such cases, it is customary to contact specialists who can draw up an optimal improvement plan. For example, on a thousand square meters it is quite possible to place the following elements:
- Living area. In this case, the structure can be quite large, with extensions and even a terrace;
- Economic area. Here you can place storage rooms, livestock pens, summer kitchens;
- Recreation area. Either in the shade of fruit trees, or on the plot behind the house;
- Garden area. It can be both tree plantations and vegetable crops in the garden. Successful layout allows you to place both at the same time.
However, no one insists on the need to attract a specialist. If desired, it is possible to do it yourself. For this you need a pencil and a large sheet of paper.
Recommendations for creating a project
In addition to their own conclusions about the improvement of the plot, there are also regulatory indicators that must be adhered to. Let's talk about them at the end of the section, but for now let's deal with the site plan. For his sketches it is necessary to decide on a scaling system so that everything that is planned to be placed on the site can be seen on paper. It is desirable, in the smallest details: the entrance to the house, the marking of garden paths, garden beds, etc.
For crop yields of the garden plot, it is necessary to find out the insolation zones and the wind rose. In the first case, you need the skill of hatching on the plan.
Attention! The thicker the shadow, the more the area will be shaded. Solar zones at the same time will be almost devoid of hatching.
Then it is necessary to calculate the location of groundwater, mark the points closest to the surface. To lay engineering communications and plant trees can only be guided by these geodetic indicators. Otherwise, water can destroy the tree, and the tree with its roots - communication. The soil level will also play a role. Increased soil moisture is associated with lowland locations. On a hill, a drier microclimate will be observed. This is also worth mentioning in the draft plan.
When you want to improve the boundaries of the site, the owners often face unattractive neighborhood fences. Since it is impossible to remove them arbitrarily, you have to get out in other ways. Plant curling greens, hide tall shrubs. Receptions are many. It is only important not to close the picturesque landscape, if it is initially located in the field of view.
Now we will recollect standard indicators. All objects must be located at a certain distance from the boundaries of the plot. Consider some of them:
- Trees and livestock pens must be at least 4 m away;
- Garden arbor - 3 m;
- Various bushes and household sheds - 1 m.
In any works on the improvement of the territory, these parameters should be considered. Landscape design of the 10 hectare site implies some rules, the observance of which makes even experts think.
Under the zoning imply a breakdown of land into functional areas. This is necessary to place key objects in a practical way. For example, a playground for children is recommended to be placed on a small hill so that it can be viewed from afar. Artificial reservoir, on the contrary, should be located in the lowland area. And such an element as a fruit garden can be planted on the northern part of the allotment. Thus, he will protect the whole earth from the cold monsoons. And vegetable crops, respectively, are better planted somewhere inside the territory. The characteristic features of each object should be based on trivial logic. Flower beds are placed on level ground, so that irrigation water and rain moisture are absorbed by the root system of the flower garden, and not flowed somewhere to the sides.
Every piece of territory should be used wisely. If the terrain is characterized by a hot climate, the landing of shadowy plantations will be relevant for the southern part of the land area. This will protect her from the heat of the sun. Black and white borders suggest the possibility of organizing lush rosaries and decorative rabatok. At the same time it is important to respect the growth perspective of all plantations. Otherwise, you can get the African jungle instead of a pretty garden. How difficult it is to care for the first, you can imagine for yourself. Therefore, the interval between all plants should be sufficient.
Attention! The use of wild grapes helps to hide the unattractive appearance of outbuildings.
For zoning, you can use artificial and natural objects. The first tracks are often the first. They must provide access to all necessary points. However, they do not have to be direct, like vectors. The tracks can wriggle in any direction. The main thing that the owners were comfortable. The best option for laying the alley will be the one that does not cause a person to strive to cut the path. As natural objects, elevation differences of the earth and water bodies can act.
It is extremely important to take into account the economic component when developing a plan. Pondering the design of the project plot of 10 acres, it is necessary to make a cost estimate. It should include the cost of all planned facilities and plantings, as well as a certain amount intended to care for them.
Without an efficient drainage system, the owners risk putting the state of capital construction facilities at risk. Drainage should work smoothly on those suburban areas of land, which are characterized by a small depth of groundwater. Since the load on the ground, due to the placement of heavy structures on it, as well as the abundance of moisture at certain times of the year, can lead to flooding of all buildings. Therefore, the owners of the allotment should correctly install drainage and stormwater systems. The first basic rules of the organization include the following:
- Giving of a slope to drainage channels (enough deepening for a couple of cm every 10 m);
- The absence of strictly horizontal pipes longer than 5 m;
- Control that there are no channels in the system with reverse flow of water;
- Use as material of polyethylene or geotextile pipes.
The storm system should cover the perimeter of all structures. It is mounted parallel to the drainage.
Plan of planting
After the planning of the main objects in the design project is completed, you can proceed to the planting of green spaces. For this purpose, notes are made on the document with the location of key objects: flower beds, greenhouses, decorative pergolas, lawns. This allows you to visualize the recreation area in all its glory.
This will require the compilation of a complete list of seedlings that must be placed on the territory of the summer cottage 10 acres. Also, when planning a landscape design should take into account the conditions of all plantings. Since not all species can take root in a particular climate. Equally important is the characterization of the soil, which was mentioned at the very beginning of the article. Such moments are taken into account at the planning stage so that it is not sad to say goodbye to the dead trees. It is better to plant the right plants immediately.
When the selection of the most suitable plants is completed, it is necessary to carry out a detailed marking of their placement. It might look like this:
- All plants get shading with colored pencils;
- Each species is marked on the plan with a specific figure;
- In front of each number in the project indicates the number of seedlings.
This way of sketching makes it easy to understand what needs to be done. And also quickly present the future view of the green zone. Now consider this scheme with specific examples.
About how pleasant it is to see bright flowers, everyone knows firsthand. Starting in early spring, their lush flowering can decorate the local area, flower beds and window sills of the house. If you choose the right plants, then you can admire the elegant magnificence right up to the first frost. Therefore, it is important to follow the rules of proper planting and care. However, not always the owners have the opportunity to monitor the flower garden. In such cases, you need to focus on perennial flowers with bulbous roots. They can be used as a hedge or a fluffy carpet for children. If the owners have time to care for the flowers, the choice of annual plants will bring them real delight every year.
Creating a landscape design on 10 acres, you can use the following methods:
- Border. In the form of a border will look good such perennial flowers, as marigolds and asters. It is also possible to design one-year low-growing plants;
- Rabatka. To create it, a thick carpet of flower varieties is used. With the help of the latter, characteristic strips of beautiful patterns are created. In this case, the combination of colors (for example, wormwood with pelargonium) bordering the lawn is strongly encouraged;
- Mixborder The most time consuming variety of flower beds. For its creation it is necessary to use plants with a different flowering period. Naturally, the height and shape of the flowers will be different. Despite the hassle, the effort is worth it.
Trees and shrubs
At a given size of the territory there is a place for fruit trees and ornamental shrubs. Before planting, it is necessary to study the soil microclimate, zone insolation, the characteristics of the prevailing wind, and also the features of the relief. The appearance of a flowering garden will also depend on the density of the trees.
Attention! The priority for planting fruit trees is the northern part of the territory. Because it allows you to protect the site from the wind and leave the sunlight for vegetable crops on the beds.
Almost everywhere popular is a hedge of coniferous trees. This is due to the simplicity of evergreens that do not require careful self-care. By means of such breeds as a pine, a thuja or a juniper it is easy to get a shade in the summer, and at the same time to hide a street bathroom. Decorative thuja is so accustomed in temperate latitudes, that every second restaurant ennobles with its help its territory. However, the owners of the project of landscape design of the 10 hectare site should study the properties of three varieties of this tree: single shrubs, short trees and medium-sized specimens.
For single varieties can be attributed to "Danik" with its meter-shaped crown in the form of a ball, a low "Dorrit Little" with a few smaller dimensions. If the first type of needles look up, then the second - from the trunk. Therefore, Danica is cut extremely rarely - she is so good. The advantage of Dorrit Little is in its low growth, which makes it easy to zone the land area.
To create a hedge often used sredneroslye varieties thuy. They not only decorate landscape design on 10 acres, but also preserve the privacy of the lives of the owners. Half meter samples of the same Smaragda perfectly tolerate winter conditions. Unpretentious in the care and grade Reinhold.
Regardless of the choice of this evergreen plant variety, it needs to provide the right conditions. The place should be well lit, and watering should be regular.
Organization of pergolas and garden arbors
Arrangement of these garden buildings on a given site allows you to relax in a cool shade in the hot summer and enjoy the raindrops under the capital roof. It was she who, together with the window openings, distinguishes a pergola from a pergola. Since the latter is characterized by a trellised canopy, serving for decorative purposes. It is often decorated with climbing wild grapes or other lashings. Also allowed to use hanging baskets with bright colors. Such a building on props advantageously zoning the rest area from the rest of the territory.
The place for these buildings, as well as their size, must be coordinated in advance. Usually they are placed on a solid foundation of concrete or tile in order to fix the supporting pillars in the ground well. The latter are made of solid wood or metal. This is to ensure that the building is not demolished by a powerful wind. The size is selected based on a certain number of people. It all depends on the social activity of the owners. The typical height for such a building is 2.5 m. A paved path from the main structure should also be connected to the pergola. Garden structure can also be decorated with short thujas or flower beds along the perimeter. Arrangement of an artificial reservoir with carpet flowers in a circle seems ideal.
The benefits of vertical gardening
With this tool, you can hide from prying eyes various objects, unsightly fencing. There is also no doubt about the aesthetics of winding hops or sweet peas. However, the plant - clematis is considered the most demanded for vertical gardening. The variety of its lush forms and rich shades of dense foliage allows you to use the breed in the most original ideas. They are decorated with tree trunks, pergola supports. Clematis protects from light rain, gives coolness on a sunny day. Through this unique plant also framed bright alleys. Clematis serves as a soft background for multi-colored flowerbeds and rock gardens. It seems that the flowers are on a green carpet.
When landing clematis should consider certain rules of operation. It is not recommended to ennoble this plant with the northern part of the buildings, since a dense crown can trap moisture in the foliage. And this will contribute to the formation of fungus.
Clematis needs constant care, pruning and foliage harvesting. Otherwise, the plant can plait communications and clog fruit varieties of trees. The growth rate of the lush mane is quite high. However, the colorful landscape, which guarantees the hedge from clematis, is worth all the effort spent on it.
Arrangement of rock arias and alpine slides
Чтобы подчеркнуть прелести первозданной природы, можно запланировать постройку этих декоративных конструкций. При этом все реально сделать своими руками. You only need to familiarize yourself with the key stages of creation, and then acquire everything you need for their construction. You can cope with this even without a diploma of a professional designer.
The first step is to determine the location of the structure. It should be an attractive corner next to the seating area. Then the artificial reservoir will delight the eyes of all holidaymakers, without exception. Another point is the illumination of space. Due to the presence of a large number of plants around the source of moisture, it should be placed on the sunny side of the territory. It will also prevent seasonal flowering. From the damaging effects of groundwater should protect the effective drainage, as mentioned earlier. That he will be a reliable barrier against winds and precipitation for rock garden.
Therefore, the organization of the drainage should be considered the first stage in the arrangement of the alpine slide:
- Creating a drainage. For its installation it is necessary to provide a 30-40 cm recess in the ground. It will be necessary to fill in the expanded clay, coarse sand and clay soil. Only after that it will be possible to proceed to the laying of natural stone;
- Laying wild stone. Without this element rockeries or alpine slide can not be imagined. The best choice will be stones with an uneven surface. These may be samples of flat granite or limestone. The installation itself is done in a chaotic manner. First come the cobblestones, then small stones. It is more like a natural mountain landscape. Deepening between the stones should be filled with a mixture of sand, peat ground or humus. After that, the ground should rest and get used to the new place for several weeks.
Attention! The more time to let the hill settle, the better for further planting. The winter period is perfect for this.
As for planting, here it is necessary to focus on unpretentious perennial varieties. These can be coniferous trees, flowers characteristic of the area, as well as shrubs.
Making rockeries with your own hands is much faster. This is due to the fact that the stone slide has practically no vegetation, stones are required only for one rock, and placement is possible in a shaded area of land allotment. Only the drainage arrangement remains unchanged. You can decorate rockeries with a falling waterfall or a fabulous pond with water lilies of underwater lilies. Moisture-loving flowers will be a true highlight of the entire recreation area. To organize such a garden will require perseverance and patience. With proper organization and compliance with all stages of the installation, man-made magnificence will create a cozy and soulful atmosphere. Memories of visiting a paradise will long to entice the soul of each guest.
Stylistics design directions
Despite all the advantages of designing a site with your own hands, it is better to get acquainted with the main design directions. This will help to avoid some mistakes, and at the same time will allow you to correctly combine the structural elements. It is not necessary to be an adherent of some exotic style in order to create a cozy landscape design. It is enough to have an idea about the conditions of its arrangement. We single out several popular stylistics:
- Regular style. The most eloquent example of design in this style is the Versailles Park. Its key features are ideal geometric lines, a harmonious composition with a thematic center, as well as the presence of decorative sculptures and fountains. In order to feel the human hand in this neat landscape design, it is necessary to mow the lawn in a timely manner, carefully form the hedge;
- Landscape style. The purpose of this design may be the creation of unity with the local nature. The Alpine design with its imitation of mountainous terrain can serve as a vivid example of stylistics. The idea of a natural landscape is not new, but it is always a winning one. The use of perennial evergreens, coniferous shrubs, artificial reservoirs is welcomed. Even better, the stream will look in combination with multi-level flowerbeds. The best option is the organization of rockeries with wild flowers;
- Country style. You can easily create an attractive design using clay accessories, motley flowerbeds, wooden buildings and artificially aged furniture. The same fence made of wicker vine and the installation of a decorative arm will perfectly complement the characteristic landscape of the countryside. Due to its versatility, this stylistic direction is used everywhere.
Exclusive design ideas
Despite the fact that the owner has the right to choose a free design style, a certain subject can also attract his attention. This may be a bias towards the East, ethnic exotic, Mediterranean aesthetics. Methodical implementation of recommendations for their reconstruction allows to bring the appearance of the territory to the absolute ideal. Consider a few examples.
Creating a Japanese version of the design does not require unbearable efforts from the owners. Here the main focus is on the harmonious combination of key elements. Their competent combination will be able to give all guests true peace and everyday happiness. The tranquility of the eastern garden is conducive to philosophical reasoning, the long contemplation of nature, the rethinking of difficult life issues. To those people whose profession involves active brain activity, the location in this recreation area will be akin to staying at a health center.
To create a balanced beauty will require a combination of three composite elements: stone, water and plants. If the first symbolizes invincibility, then the life-giving moisture is the transience of all things. Plants are a fleeting vision of beauty within eternity. The harmonious form of these basic components is the bridge connecting the eastern gazebo and a neat reservoir. It is desirable that the relief looked as natural as possible. Therefore, the formation of a hill when excavating the soil (during the construction of the pond) will only benefit the overall landscape. On the resulting hill you can plant a fern or conifers. If it is not possible to equip a natural source of water, it is allowed to imitate it. This may be a pebble of pastel colors laid out in the stream of a “dry” stream.
The name implies imitation of the natural landscape. It is advisable to focus on the existing forest or steppe coloring near the borders of the allotment. The use of seedlings of local flora will also save on the purchase of plantings. You can always use wayward ferns, steppe grasses and ornamental weeds. Their interaction with the terrace of natural stone will invariably cause spiritual thrill among the owners. Therefore, it is necessary to focus on such varieties of flowers that will provide a beautiful glade throughout the summer season. Wooden pergolas and decorative benches of wrought metal will be appropriate in this version of the garden. It is also possible to provide for the organization of a campfire zone.
To brag to your friends in a European corner for recreation, you will have to work hard. It is not enough to simply build stonework and shady trees. It is necessary to understand the art of modernity, to follow the laws of symmetry when zoning an area. Preference should be given to ideal rectangular shapes. The refined arches and elegant attributes of a bygone era can serve as a local accent. Antique sculptures, graceful fountains, wrought iron gazebos. When choosing between plant varieties, one should take into account the need for one of them to prevail over the others. It can be ornamental cypress trees, tall shrubs. Unlike other areas, the spirit of respect for the past and pedantic order is important here. All lanes should be smooth or circular, but not winding. Fences - well maintained and proclaiming the status of the owners. With due diligence, the implementation of this option is quite possible with your own hands.
Creating a landscape design on a plot of 10 acres involves some effort on the part of the owners. If you want to organize a cozy corner with your own hands, you should be patient and necessary materials. Subject to the above recommendations, the arrangement of a spiritual resting place will happen pretty quickly. It is important to consistently perform all the right actions, without being distracted by the unsolicited advice of friends.