Each person has their own ideas about convenience. It is necessary to think about the arrangement of the headset, furniture in the dining room, carrying out communications even at the initial stage of construction or when planning large-scale repairs. The kitchen layout should be rational and convenient for all households, with a convenient layout of appliances and furniture.
The choice of a suitable option is primarily influenced by the characteristics of the premises and personal preferences of property owners. To make the most frequently visited room in the house comfortable and functional, you need to familiarize yourself with the available options and listen to the designer's advice.
Features: what to consider when planning a kitchen
In a properly planned kitchen, not one centimeter of space should stand idle. The convenient location of the headset and built-in furniture will help reduce the time of cooking and cleaning.
To make the decoration of the room as organic as possible, you need to consider the following points when planning:
- Family composition, age, physiological characteristics of the household;
- The possibility and necessity of zoning space;
- The size and shape of the room;
- The location of the kitchen relative to the side of the world, the size of the window opening;
- Use of the kitchen only for cooking, storing stocks or as a living-dining room;
- Placement of derived communications, the possibility of changing their location.
All the above nuances should be considered before installing the headset, sink, stove and refrigerator. After evaluating all the options for kitchen placement, you can choose the appropriate furniture placement program, which allows you to minimize the time and labor costs, to eliminate the extra movements.
The shape and shape of the room
Depending on the area of the room and its shape, choose the option of the location of the furniture. The most popular, especially for small apartments, is subject to the rules of the kitchen triangle. Owners of narrow rooms of 4.5 m2 need to properly use all the space - you can increase the window sill, remove the battery, in its place organize lockers and shelves for storage.
Long rectangular kitchens from 7.5 m2 accept the layout of almost any type, both angular and single-row. For square fit U-shaped arrangement of furniture. In spacious rooms of 15 m2, kitchen studios would be appropriate location of the island, a bar in the middle of the room.
Number of cabinets, their sizes and standards
After the type of layout is chosen, the locations of the built-in equipment are indicated, you can proceed to the placement of the cabinets. This is usually the remaining free space. In the small kitchen of Khrushchev there will be few of them, so it is better to immediately consider the possibility of installing suspended structures.
In a spacious room, the location and volume of the lockers do not play a special role. The choice of model will depend on personal preferences and financial capabilities. Shelves can be open decorative, closed with swing, folding or sliding mechanism. Standard sizes of kitchen cabinets are designed for average kitchen settings:
- Two-door floor stand - 80x60x60 cm;
- One door cabinet - 80x50x60 cm;
- Large hanging closet - 80x30x60 cm;
- Small hanging - 60x30x40 cm;
- Angle module - 60x32x38 cm.
For practical use of kitchen space it is necessary to correctly calculate the size of kitchen cabinets. When calculating them, it is necessary to take into account some important parameters. Of great importance is the age, the growth of the hostess, the location of the pipes of heating, windows, ventilation. The amount of cabinets will be influenced by the dimensions of household appliances, the size of dishes, cutlery.
Placement of built-in equipment
Type of layout is chosen depending on the configuration of the kitchen. Ergonomics will be different for each case. In order to place the built-in appliances in the most convenient way, it is necessary to evaluate your daily movements around the canteen, identify key points.
The design of a modern kitchen involves a minimum of equipment, compact placement of furniture and household appliances. The bulky TV was replaced by new refrigerators with built-in monitors. Microwave, coffee machine has long been mounted in the facades of the headset.
Household multi-caliber appliances are found in every kitchen. They should be placed according to the frequency of use. For small rooms, it is better to consider the embedded version. The most frequently used appliances, such as a refrigerator, stove, microwave, should be located in the area of the working triangle.
Conventionally, the kitchen space can be divided into two zones: water and hot. The first section is located near the sewer and water supply pipes. Here place washing, dishwasher, sink, refrigerator. In the hot zone is built in the oven, hob. Properly chosen neighborhood and competent layout will help to create a cozy atmosphere even in the smallest kitchen.
Lighting and lighting
The main secret of good lighting in the kitchen is multilevel. Each of the zones should be clearly visible at any time of the day. Before choosing lamps and lamps, it is necessary to make a detailed project and a scheme of their location. With the help of the direction of light and the intensity of the fluxes, it is possible to increase, reduce space, highlight, shadow certain areas. The secret of quality lighting is to comply with the following rules:
- For the main ceiling lighting it is necessary to provide a switch with a rheostat;
- In a small kitchen you can do with one central lamp under the ceiling;
- If the kitchen is large, there will be a good two-row placement of lamps on the ceiling in several levels, above each working area;
- Small dining rooms, rooms with low ceilings should not be overloaded with a large number of appliances. One miniature chandelier will suffice;
- When choosing the type of lamp should take into account the color and style of the room. Light surfaces will reflect 80% of light, dark - no more than 15%.
Local lighting is a priority in any kitchen. Illumination serves only as a supplement. It should be used for all functional areas: above the working surface, at the place of storage of food and dishes, above the dining table.
Types of layouts
The choice of kitchen planning is influenced by many factors. The owners of private houses in this matter are more free, because they can afford to have a dining room of any size. The design of the project should reflect the various indicators that affect the level of comfort during operation. Arrange the headset and built-in appliances in several ways. Each option is designed to meet the rules of ergonomics, safety. If necessary, you can make an online calculation.
Single row arrangement of kitchen furniture is suitable for rectangular or square kitchens. All work surfaces and storage cabinets will be located along one wall. Linear type of planning assumes compact arrangement. Use the minimum amount of household appliances. There is only room for a refrigerator and a hob. In the corner set sink.
The advantages of this arrangement include versatility. The set along the wall will fit perfectly into a room of any shape and quadrature. The simplest arrangement can be single row or double row. In the first case, the opposite wall immediately becomes the dining area, in the second it can be closed with furniture, large-sized appliances. Table allocate space in the center or at the window.
Linear layout allows you to place furniture of any configuration and size. It is suitable for small families, where cooking is given a minimum of time. The limited work surface does not allow you to prepare several dishes at the same time.
To increase the functionality of the linear layout, it is necessary to provide the necessary number of shelves of cabinets. Save space helps retractable tabletop and roll-out dining table.
A universal way of arranging kitchen furniture for standard apartments. Such a design allows the most rational use of the precious area, making the working area and the place of eating comfortable. Having built sets along two perpendicular walls, it is possible to achieve complete freedom to accommodate other pieces of furniture, decorative accessories.
A good interior design option is a corner suite in the kitchen-living room. The central location of the tabletop allows access to it from three sides at once. It can be used as a working surface at the time of cooking, and transformed into a bar with the arrival of guests.
For decoration of G-shaped kitchens, designers recommend using modern stylistic directions. It will look great minimalism, loft, hi-tech. This arrangement is more common in small kitchens. In order not to overload the interior, the headset is chosen as simple as possible, without a bright print and embossed facades. If it is necessary to install a hood or gas column, it is better to refuse hanging cabinets. They can be replaced by a high penalty.
Ideal for narrow and long kitchens with one window on a short wall. In order not to close the only possibility of natural light penetration, the furniture is placed along opposite walls. The same arrangement of furniture is used if the room is communicating. The main features of such an arrangement can be considered the following factors:
- Kitchen set consists of a large number of modules for different purposes;
- More than enough space for built-in appliances, decor, indoor plants;
- The ability to properly equip a kitchen triangle;
- The work area dominates completely. For dining there is a window area, retractable structures;
- Two hostesses can simultaneously be engaged in preparation of different dishes.
In this case, headsets, storage systems and household appliances are located along three walls. Often, one side is replaced with a bar counter or a peninsular structure. This layout is universal, suitable for almost any room. The exception is too narrow rooms with a width of less than 2.5 meters.
The distance between the opposite facades of the headset should be at least 120 cm. This is quite enough for comfortable use of the oven, washing machine and unimpeded movement. It should not be made too large, as this will entail unnecessary movements, temporary and labor costs in the cooking process.
The advantages of the U-shaped design include convenient location of the working triangle. All work can be done standing in one place. The symmetrical arrangement of the headset allows you to use the most daring design solutions. U-shaped settings are more suitable for individual projects. To implement such a plan in a standard apartment is often hampered by a low window sill, an unfortunate location of the doorway, a balcony door and other factors.
Additional working table top is placed in the center of the room, it can serve as a storage, cooking surface, bar counter, original decor. This layout is suitable only for spacious rooms of more than 15 m2, the correct square shape.
Most often in this way have furniture in private homes. The island method is comfortable and ergonomic. One of the walls can be closed by hanging shelves or a soft sofa. The central element helps to successfully plan the space of the kitchen-living room or studio. The disadvantages of the island include creating obstacles when moving around the room.
Special design in the center of the room in the form of a long pedestal, one side of which extends to the wall or window sill. This is a modified version of the usual island, which has both advantages and disadvantages. The advantage of the peninsula can be considered versatility. This layout will be aesthetic and practical even in the smallest kitchen. Thanks to the island there is a clear separation of working and dining areas.
The multifunction cabinet can be equipped with sink, hob, ergonomic storage of kitchen utensils. Adding it with fashionable devices for bottling and mixing drinks, you can get a modern bar. The disadvantage is the restriction of access to one of the sides of the structure.
The peninsula can be a continuation of the headset or a separate piece of furniture. The second option is preferable for kitchens of non-standard planning.
One type of island cuisine. The short element faces the wall with the end, forming a characteristic protrusion. The drawing of the finished layout resembles the letter "G". The peninsula can be occupied by a worktop and used as a work surface or to serve as a dining table.
G-shaped circular layout is preferred by the owners of spacious kitchens. A small protrusion separates the space, allows you to conveniently arrange all the necessary appliances. The disadvantage is that a large area is required for the implementation of this type of project.
Kitchen space zoning
Visual selection of plots in one room will be successful if you apply some non-standard options for the kitchen. Designers recommend dividing the space with the help of finishing materials for walls, floor, ceiling, lighting, low furniture, and various accessories. Basically, they separate the working area from the dining area. To properly plan the space, you need to listen to some advice.
Designate the work area in several ways. For large rooms will be a good option with furniture - bar, island, sofa. Small rooms are best zoned using finishing materials. Most often use different floor coverings, excellent in texture, color, material. A stylish solution is to install the podium.
Highlight the work area in narrow kitchens can be using ceiling trim. Multi-level ceilings emphasize the top lighting. A chandelier is installed above the dining area, and a few spotlights above the worktop apron. If the area of the dining room allows, the cooking area is separated by screens, sliding modules.
Dining or dining area
Create a cozy atmosphere in the dining area in several ways. Choosing the right one will depend on personal preferences and financial opportunities. The most popular option is decorating the neighboring walls. For zoning use the following materials:
- Photowall-paper, contrast plaster;
- 3D panels for walls;
- Cork covering with imitation of natural materials;
- Mosaic, tile for vertical surfaces;
- Decorative rock;
- Wall decor (paintings, panels, photographs, etc.).
The dining area will help highlight spectacular sconces and hanging lamps. Unusual accessories, different in color from the elements in the headset, bright upholstery of chairs, various textiles will be a great helper.
Stylistic directions and colors
In modern layouts, built-in furniture is more common, which makes the interior complete and harmonious. In addition to the unambiguous functionality, it should be beautiful and stylish. For each type, you can use any option. Among the stylistic variety, for kitchens choose the following areas:
- Provence. Home warmth and comfort, a lot of indoor flowers make the room spacious and easy. Light tones and natural materials in decoration and furniture are predominant.
- Classic. Restrained, functional style does not accept intrusive elements. The space in the kitchen is rationally planned, each item has its own purpose. The characteristic colors are all shades of brown, from light beige to dark brown.
- Country Built-in appliances are hidden in the cabinets and behind the facades, sets and a dining table with the effect of patina. Rustic style will look really only with a lot of textiles. Must be linen curtains, rugs, pillows on sofas and chairs. In the decoration using light colors, natural materials.
- Modern No decor, only the most necessary items. Practical, comfortable interior with strict lines can be decorated in any color. The main thing - the complete harmony of tones, the presence of warm lighting.
- High tech. As much as possible glass and metal. The kitchen is filled with electrical appliances created using the latest technologies. Only clear lines and proportions. The color spectrum is expressed in two colors - one main, the second additional.
Features of planning and arrangement of kitchen-living room
The combination of several rooms will help not only to create an interesting interior, but also significantly save space. Kitchen-living room projects are one of the most widespread, allowing to realize bold and unexpected designer fantasies.
The combination of kitchen and living room allows you to keep everything at hand. You can simultaneously cook and receive guests. Такая планировка позволяет хозяйке не чувствовать себя заложницей кухни.She can watch TV in the living room, participate in conversations that take place in the hall. With increasing area, a lot of light is added, both natural and artificial.
Among the drawbacks of such a layout, it is possible to note the high cost of repairs, if redevelopment occurs in an already finished room. Before the demolition of the walls will need to obtain permission from the state project services. Certain inconveniences will also deliver a variety of smells in the process of cooking.
Comfort and convenience are the most important factors to consider when planning kitchen space. This room can be considered the most traumatic, because this is where the work with sharp objects, boiling liquids, is carried out. There are many familiar types of layouts suitable for specific rooms. If the final decision is not made, you can use a free layout. Some pieces of furniture have wheels that make them mobile, as an example, a mobile island, a sofa.